Ativan is a brand name of the ingredient Lorazepam which is used in the medical practice to arrest the symptoms of anxiety and concern.
This medicine is one of the safest tranquilizers from the group of benzodiazepine and has been approved by FDA. In case of the correct administration of Ativan in the mild doses, a patient quickly has a sedative, anti-anxiety, and myorelaxing action.
As all tranquilizers, Ativan provides a calming action to the central nervous system. It quickly inhibits a psychomotor agitation, reduces the symptoms of seizures, provides an anti-epileptic action, inhibits fear and anxiety.
The range of the pharmacological use of Ativan is broad.
This medicine can be used domiciliary to reduce anxiety or inhibit the convulsive attacks. In medical conditions, the medicine can be used before surgeries in order to remove tension and cause a relaxation of the CNS.
Directions for the use
- Increased emotional stress
- Emotional reactive disorder
Contraindications for the use
- Angle-closure glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure)
- myasthenia gravis (abnormal muscle weakness)
- Organic lesions of the brain, spinal cord and central nervous system
- alcohol or drug intoxication
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Who should take Ativan carefully?
If a patient has problems with functioning of the respiratory system (bronchial asthma or bronchitis), Ativan should be used carefully. The incorrect dose can enhance the symptoms of the diseases.
Ativan is not contraindicated during diseases of kidneys or liver, but it is necessary to select the proper dose and control the level of creatinine.
During the use of the medicine, avoid activities which need high concentration and medicines/ingredients which enhance the inhibition of the CNS functions.
Instructions for the use
Ativan is used in low doses 1-2 mg 2-3 times per day. The pills should be used with the same interval. During the anxious disorder, Ativan is used within 4-6 weeks.
In case of the serious diseases with intense maniac syndrome, the dose of Ativan is increased up to 8-10 mg per day. The medicine is used within 4 weeks, and then the standard daily dose of Ativan 3-6 mg is taken within 4 weeks.
The maximal length of the therapeutic cycle of Ativan is 8 weeks. During the longer use of the tablets, a patient may have resistance and even a medical addiction.
In case of the overdose with Ativan, the central nervous system suffers first of all, and a respiratory center is inhibited.
The symptoms are hypotension, coma, muscle weakness with impaired motor functions, vomiting, severe allergic reaction, irresistible sleepiness.
In case of the overdose, it is necessary to go to a hospital and have a stomach lavage under the doctor’s supervision.
Side effects of Ativan
Drowsiness, fatigue, headache, dizziness, and ataxia are the most commonly met side effects of Ativan in the medical practice. Most patients tolerate well this medicine and do not have the side effects.
Even if you noticed the side effects, do not terminate the treatment. It is enough to lower the daily dose of Ativan and the side effects will pass in a couple of days.