Tenormin is a medical product of the new generation which is used for the treatment of the diseases of the cardiovascular system. It contains the active ingredient Atenolol – cardioselective beta1-adrenoreceptor.
The modern cardiology can hardly do without beta1-adrenoreceptors. These are medicines which have a broad spectrum of possibilities and maintain functions of the cardiovascular system regardless of the type of the disease.
Tenormin provides a strong hypotensive, antianginal, and antiarrhythmic action, reduces the contractile function of myocardium and stabilizes the blood pressure within 24 hours after the use.
The hypotensive action lasts for 24 hours. The regular use stabilizes it till the end of the 2 week of the treatment. A negative chronotropic action appears in one hour after the use, and reaches the maximum in 2-4 hours and lasts up to 24 hours.
Tenormin differs from non-selective beta-adrenoreceptors because it does not affect the systems and organs which contain β2-adrenoreceptors (Pancreas, skeletal muscles, smooth muscles, bronchial tubes, uterus). Therefore, Tenormin has a high level of the safety and few contraindications for the use.
Tenormin can be used for the treatment of the chronic cardiovascular diseases as well as for the prevention of disorders, if there are preconditions.
Indications for the use
Due to the broad-spectrum pharmacological activity, Tenormin is prescribed for the treatment of:
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Cardiac asthma
- Myocardial infarction
Tenormin can be used for the prevention of the heart failure and in combination with other medicines for the treatment of the cardiovascular diseases.
In what dose is Tenormin taken?
Every patient has individual peculiarities of the body and individual medical image of the cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the treatment should be started from the low doses of Tenormin and gradually increased up to the effective/safe level.
- If you doctor did not prescribe another dose, the treatment is prescribed beginning from the minimal dose of Tenormin 25 mg per day
- The optimal daily dose of Tenormin is taken once, in the morning, with a glass of water
- If the single dose of Tenormin causes severe side effects, it is needed to divide it into 2 equal parts and take ½ of the daily dose of Tenormin in the morning and ½ of the daily dose in the evening
- The maximal daily dose is 250 mg
Patients of old age and also patients with dysfunctions of kidneys take Tenormin in the low dose.
Who is contraindicated to take Tenormin?
- Tenormin is contraindicated in case of the slow heartbeat
- Patients with acute heart failure, arterial hypertension are contraindicated to take Tenormin
- The treatment is stopped during the acute conditions of the bronchial asthma
- If the patient has allergic reaction during the use of Tenormin, the treatment should be terminated and the sensitivity of the body to the intolerance of the active ingredient Atenolol should be checked.
Women during pregnancy and lactation do not take Tenormin, except cases when the risk of the complications of the cardiovascular diseases is higher than the expected risk for a child.
During lactation, the bottle feeding of a child should be used.
Possible side effects
The side effects of Tenormin are hardly probable, however, in single cases, there are such symptoms as rapid heartbeat, hypotension, extremity coldness, hallucinations, headache, dizziness, thirst, dry mouth, and nausea.
The side effects can be controlled by means of the daily dose adjustment.