Vasotec is a medical product for the treatment of the arterial hypertension and prevention of the chronic cardiovascular diseases. It contains the active ingredient enalapril.
The mechanism of the action of Vasotec consists in the inhibition of enzymes which bother a dilation of the blood vessels. The mechanism of action and a risk-benefit profile of Enalapril is well studied, and therefore this product is added to the list of the important medical products of World Health Organization.
Using Vasotec causes a dilation of lumen of the blood vessels, cleans the pulmonary circulation, and lowers the pressure in the pulmonary capillaries.
It is medically proved that the therapy with Vasotec lowers the death rate in patients with chronic heart failure and increases the tolerance of the cardiovascular system to the physical activity. There is also a reduction of the heart size, and it has a positive effect to the functioning of the cardiovascular system and health of a patient.
Enalapril is quickly absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract and provides a hypotensive effect. A patient experiences the increase of the blood pressure in an hour after the use of the single dose of Vasotec. The therapeutic effect lasts for 20-24 hours.
In spite the fast onset of the action, Vasotec is meant for the background therapy of the arterial hypertension, but not for the urgent lowering of the arterial pressure during the hypertonic crisis.
Directions for the use of Vasotec
As a complex therapy, Vasotec can be used for the treatment and prevention of stenocardia, ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction. A medicine choice and dosage regimen during the combined treatment should be prescribed by a cardiologist.
Usage and dosage of Vasotec
The uptake of Enalapril from the gastro-intestinal tract happens regardless of food. The active ingredients are not affected under the action of the gastric juice, and therefore this medicine can be used at any time.
In the treatment of the arterial hypertension, patients are prescribed one tablet of Vasotec 5 mg per day. The daily dose is taken once, in the morning, with some water.
In the treatment of the chronic heart failure, patients are prescribed Vasotec 2,5 mg once per day. To increase the efficiency of the therapy, the dose can be increased up to 5-15 mg per day.
In case of the dysfunction of the left ventricle, 2,5 mg is taken two times per day. The maintaining dose is 10 mg 2 times per day.
Recommendations for the use
Pregnant women are not recommended to take Enalapril
Probable side effects
If the side effects of Vasotec appear, it often happens at the beginning of the tablet use. Patients often use dizziness, increased fatigue, weakness, buzzing in ears, rapid heartbeat, redness of the skin or skin rash. The intensity of the side effects is reduced within several days and the side effects gradually pass.
If you feel pain in chest or in the area of the heart, vomiting, or Quincke’s disease during the use of Vasotec, stop taking the medicine and consult a cardiologist. The daily dose may be lowered or the medicine may be replaced.